Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (54)

ARIA: Advanced Research and Invention Agency: policy statement – GOV.UK. Retrieved February 6, 2023, from https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/advanced-research-and-invention-agency-aria-statement-of-policy-intent/advanced-research-and-invention-agency-aria-policy-statement

ARPA-H: Advanced Research Projects Agency for Health. Retrieved January 23, 2023, from https://arpa-h.gov/

Bloom, N., Jones, C. I., van Reenen, J., & Webb, M. (2020). Are Ideas Getting Harder to Find? American Economic Review, 110(4), 1104–1144. https://doi.org/10.1257/AER.20180338

Bornmann, L., & Mutz, R. (2015). Growth rates of modern science: A bibliometric analysis based on the number of publications and cited references. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(11), 2215–2222. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.23329

Chu, J. S. G., & Evans, J. A. (2021). Slowed canonical progress in large fields of science. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 118(41), e2021636118. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2021636118

Fink, T. M. A., Reeves, M., Palma, R., & Farr, R. S. (2017). Serendipity and strategy in rapid innovation. Nat. Commun., 8(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02042-w

Fire, M., & Guestrin, C. (2019). Over-optimization of academic publishing metrics: observing Goodhart’s Law in action. GigaScience, 8(6). https://doi.org/10.1093/GIGASCIENCE/GIZ053

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Jones, B. F. (2009). The burden of knowledge and the ‘death of the renaissance man’: is innovation getting harder? Rev. Econ. Stud., 76(1), 283–317. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-937x.2008.00531.x

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Leydesdorff, L., Wagner, C. S., & Bornmann, L. (2018). Discontinuities in citation relations among journals: self-organized criticality as a model of scientific revolutions and change. Scientometrics, 116(1), 623–644. https://doi.org/10.1007/S11192-018-2734-6/FIGURES/12

Li, D., Abaluck, J., Agha, L., Angrist, J., Bagues, M., Berger, D., Chan, D., Frandsen, B., Frankel, A., Freeman, R., Gibbons, B., Hendren, N., Jones, B., Kerr, B., Kondo, J., Lerner, J., Matouschek, N., Yu, X., Wang, M., … Williams, H. (2017). Expertise versus Bias in Evaluation: Evidence from the NIH. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 9(2), 60–92. https://doi.org/10.1257/APP.20150421

Nature. UK ‘DARPA’ should let the sunshine in. (2022). Nature, 602(7895), 8. https://doi.org/10.1038/D41586-022-00226-Z

Pammolli, F., Magazzini, L., & Riccaboni, M. (2011). The productivity crisis in pharmaceutical R&D. Nat. Rev. Drug Discov., 10(6), 428–438. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrd3405

Park, M., Leahey, E., & Funk, R. J. (2023). Papers and patents are becoming less disruptive over time. Nature 2023 613:7942, 613(7942), 138–144. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-05543-x

Singh Chawla, D. (2021). Swiss funder draws lots to make grant decisions. Nature 2021. https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-01232-3

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Szell, M., Ma, Y., & Sinatra, R. (2018). A Nobel opportunity for interdisciplinarity. Nature Physics 2018 14:11, 14(11), 1075–1078. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-018-0314-6

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Bettencourt Dias, Monica. (2021). Moving forward in research assessment. EU-LIFE Policy Webinar: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfVO0I_jxCY&t=2276s

Bik, E. M., Casadevall, A., & Fang, F. C. (2016). The prevalence of inappropriate image duplication in biomedical research publications. MBio, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.1128/MBIO.00809-16/SUPPL_FILE/MBO003162846SD1.DOCX

Bik, E. M., Fang, F. C., Kullas, A. L., Davis, R. J., & Casadevall, A. (2018). Analysis and Correction of Inappropriate Image Duplication: the Molecular and Cellular Biology Experience . Molecular and Cellular Biology, 38(20) https://doi.org/10.1128/MCB.00309-18 

Bonn, N. A., & Pinxten, W. (2021). Advancing science or advancing careers? Researchers’ opinions on success indicators. PLoS ONE, 16(2 February). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243664

Bouter, L. M., Tijdink, J., Axelsen, N., Martinson, B. C., & Ter Riet, G. (2016). Ranking major and minor research misbehaviors: results from a survey among participants of four World Conferences on Research Integrity. Research Integrity and Peer Review, 1(1), 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41073-016-0024-5

Bucci, E. M. (2018). Automatic detection of image manipulations in the biomedical literature. Cell Death & Disease 2018 9:3, 9(3), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41419-018-0430-3

CoARA. Coalition for Advancing Research Assessment. https://coara.eu/

Fanelli, D. (2009). How many scientists fabricate and falsify research? A systematic review and meta-analysis of survey data. PLoS One, 4(5) e5738. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0005738

Gao CA, Howard FM, Markov NS, Dyer EC, Ramesh S, Luo Y, et al. Comparing scientific abstracts generated by ChatGPT to original abstracts using an artificial intelligence output detector, plagiarism detector, and blinded human reviewers. bioRxiv [Internet]. 2022 Dec 27 [cited 2023 Jan 18];2022.12.23.521610. Available from: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.12.23.521610v1

Gopalakrishna, G., ter Riet, G., Vink, G., Stoop, I., Wicherts, J. M., & Bouter, L. M. (2022). Prevalence of questionable research practices, research misconduct and their potential explanatory factors: A survey among academic researchers in The Netherlands. PLOS ONE, 17(2), e0263023. https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0263023

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Mehra, M. R., Ruschitzka, F., & Patel, A. N. (2020). Retraction—“Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis” (The Lancet, (S0140673620311806), (10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31180-6)). The Lancet, 395(10240), 1820. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31324-6

Mejlgaard, N., Bouter, L. M., Gaskell, G., Kavouras, P., Allum, N., Bendtsen, A. K., Charitidis, C. A., Claesen, N., Dierickx, K., Domaradzka, A., Reyes Elizondo, A., Foeger, N., Hiney, M., Kaltenbrunner, W., Labib, K., Marušić, A., Sørensen, M. P., Ravn, T., Ščepanović, R., … Veltri, G. A. (2020). Research integrity: nine ways to move from talk to walk. Nature, 586(7829), 358–360. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-02847-8

Nobel Prize winner Gregg Semenza retracts four papers – Retraction Watch. Retrieved December 27, 2022, from https://retractionwatch.com/2022/09/03/nobel-prize-winner-gregg-semenza-retracts-four-papers/

Piller, C. (2022). Blots on a field? Science, 377(6604), 358–363. https://doi.org/10.1126/SCIENCE.ADD9993

Shen, H. (2020). Meet this super-spotter of duplicated images in science papers. Nature, 581(7807), 132–136. https://doi.org/10.1038/D41586-020-01363-Z

Singh Chawla, D. (2021). 8% of researchers in Dutch survey have falsified or fabricated data. Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/D41586-021-02035-2

Stanford misconduct probe of president stumbles as new journal launches inquiry | Science | AAAS. (n.d.). Retrieved December 27, 2022, from https://www.science.org/content/article/stanford-misconduct-probe-president-stumbles-new-journal-launches-inquiry

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Stapel, D. (2014). Faking Science: A True Story of Academic Fraud. Brown, J. L. (Translator). https://errorstatistics.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/fakingscience-20141214.pdf

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Xie, Y., Wang, K., & Kong, Y. (2021). Prevalence of Research Misconduct and Questionable Research Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Science and Engineering Ethics, 27(4), 41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-021-00314-9

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San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment https://sfdora.org/read/

DFG-Positionspapier zum wissenschaftlichen Publizieren als Grundlage und Gestaltungsfeld der Wissenschaftsbewertung, DFG Mai 2022 https://www.dfg.de/service/presse/pressemitteilungen/2022/pressemitteilung_nr_15/index.html

Open Science als Teil der Wissenschaftskultur. Positionierung der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG Oktober 2022, https://www.dfg.de/foerderung/info_wissenschaft/2022/info_wissenschaft_22_79/index.html

Leitfaden für qualitätsfördernde Aspekte in der Medizin und Biomedizin, DFG Juni 2021 https://www.dfg.de/foerderung/info_wissenschaft/2021/info_wissenschaft_21_54/index.html

Checkliste der DFG zum Umgang mit Forschungsdaten. DFG Dezember 2012. https://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/foerderung/grundlagen_dfg_foerderung/forschungsdaten/forschungsdaten_checkliste_de.pdf

Maßnahmenpaket zum Wandel der wissenschaftlichen Bewertungskultur. DFG September 2022. https://www.dfg.de/foerderung/info_wissenschaft/2022/info_wissenschaft_22_61/index.html

Aktualisierung des Leitfadens für Projektanträge (DFG März 2022) https://www.dfg.de/foerderung/info_wissenschaft/2022/info_wissenschaft_22_23/index.html

Leitlinien zur Sicherung guter wissenschaftlicher Praxis. DFG Juli 2019 https://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/foerderung/rechtliche_rahmenbedingungen/gute_wissenschaftliche_praxis/kodex_gwp.pdf

Stefanie Salaw-Hanslmaier: Die Rechtsnatur der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft. Auswirkungen auf den Rechtsschutz des Antragstellers (= Studien zur Rechtswissenschaft. Band 129). Kovač, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-8300-1194-6 (Zugleich: Augsburg, Universität, Dissertation, 2003).

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Anderson, J. A., & Kimmelman, J. (2010). Extending clinical equipoise to phase 1 trials involving patients: unresolved problems. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 20(1), 75–98. https://doi.org/10.1353/KEN.0.0307

Atanasov, P., Diamantaras, A., MacPherson, A., Vinarov, E., Benjamin, D. M., Shrier, I., Paul, F., Dirnagl, U., & Kimmelman, J. (2020). Wisdom of the expert crowd prediction of response for 3 neurology randomized trials. Neurology, 95(5), E488–E498. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000009819

Benjamin, D. M., Hey, S. P., MacPherson, A., Hachem, Y., Smith, K. S., Zhang, S. X., Wong, S., Dolter, S., Mandel, D. R., & Kimmelman, J. (2022). Principal investigators over-optimistically forecast scientific and operational outcomes for clinical trials. PloS One, 17(2). https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0262862

Bittlinger, M., Bicer, S., Peppercorn, J., & Kimmelman, J. (2022). Ethical Considerations for Phase I Trials in Oncology. Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.21.02125

Dirnagl, U. (2016). Thomas Willis Lecture: Is Translational Stroke Research Broken, and if So, How Can We Fix It? Stroke, 47(8), 2148–2153. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.116.013244

Djulbegovic, B., Kumar, A., Glasziou, P., Miladinovic, B., & Chalmers, I. (2013). Medical research: Trial unpredictability yields predictable therapy gains. Nature, 500(7463), 395–396. https://doi.org/10.1038/500395A

Gupta, A., Eisenhauer, E. A., & Booth, C. M. (2022). The Time Toxicity of Cancer Treatment. Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 40(15), 1611–1615. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.21.02810

Hey, S. P., London, A. J., Weijer, C., Rid, A., & Miller, F. (2017). Is the concept of clinical equipoise still relevant to research? BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 359. https://doi.org/10.1136/BMJ.J5787

Jansen, M. S., Dekkers, O. M., Groenwold, R. H. H., & Siegerink, B. (2022). Publication rates in small German trials remained low five years after trial completion. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 121, 106899. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CCT.2022.106899

Kahrass, H., Bossert, S., Schürmann, C., & Strech, D. (2021). Details of risk-benefit communication in informed consent documents for phase I/II trials. Clinical Trials (London, England), 18(1), 71–80. https://doi.org/10.1177/1740774520971770

Kimmelman, J. (2018). Better to be in The Placebo Arm for Trials of Neurological Therapies? Cell Transplantation, 27(4), 677–681. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963689718755708

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Köhler L, , EssigF, Daneshkhah N, Herm J, Hellwig S, Schurig J, Endres M, Dirnagl U, Hoffmann F, Michalski D, Pfeilschifter W, Urbanek C, Petzold G, Rizos T, Kraft A, Haeusler KG. Ability of patients with acute ischemic stroke to recall given information on intravenous thrombolysis – Results of a prospective multicenter study (submitted)

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Für diesen Wissenschaftsnarren gibt es diesmal keine zusätzlichen Referenzen.

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (48)

Hier finden Sie alle wichtigen Resolutionen, Statements, Manifestos der letzten Zeit von EU, LERU, SCIENCE EUROPE, EAE, usw. zu Open Access und der Reform der Bewertung von Wissenschaft zum download in einem zip File

Wenn Sie nur eine davon lesen wollen, empfehle ich die von der UNESCO (link)

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (47)

Die Studie: Wardzinski, Ewelina K., Kamila Jauch-Chara, Sarah Haars, Uwe H. Melchert, Harald G. Scholand-Engler, and Kerstin M. Oltmanns, ‘Mobile Phone Radiation Deflects Brain Energy Homeostasis and Prompts Human Food Ingestion’, Nutrients, 14.2 (2022) https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14020339

Die Presseerklärung dazu: ‘Einfluss von Handystrahlung Auf Die Nahrungsaufnahme Nachgewiesen: Universität Zu Lübeck’ https://www.uni-luebeck.de/aktuelles/pressemitteilung/artikel/einfluss-von-handystrahlung-auf-die-nahrungsaufnahme-nachgewiesen.html  [accessed 10 April 2022]

Die Bild Zeitung berichtet: ‘Handy-Strahlung Macht Dick – Neue Studie – Diät – Bild.De’ https://www.bild.de/ratgeber/diaet/diaet/handy-strahlung-macht-dick-neue-studie-79689694.bild.html###wt_ref=https%3A%2F%2Fnews.google.com%2F&wt_t=1649585561950  [accessed 10 April 2022]

Zum Glück dann noch vernünftiger Journalismus von der WELT: ‘Übergewicht: Diese Studie Soll Beweisen, Dass „Handystrahlung“ Dick Macht – WELT’ https://www.welt.de/wissenschaft/plus238312003/Uebergewicht-Diese-Studie-soll-beweisen-dass-Handystrahlung-dick-macht.html  [accessed 22 April 2022]

Die Obesity-Pandemic: ‘Obesity and Overweight’ https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight  [accessed 10 April 2022]

In der Lübecker Studie nahmen die ‚Bestrahlten‘ mehr als 200 kcal zusätzlich auf. Was so ein Effekt bedeutet: ‘Ernährungs-Wissen: So Sehen 200 Kalorien Aus | BRIGITTE.De’ https://www.brigitte.de/gesund/ernaehrung/ernaehrungs-wissen–so-sehen-200-kalorien-aus_10441624-10441586.html  [accessed 10 April 2022]

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Political Pressure in U.K. Prompted Better Reporting of Clinical Trial Results https://www.statnews.com/pharmalot/2022/02/24/clinical-trials-transparency-uk-fda/?utm_source=STAT+Newsletters&utm_campaign=0265fbf946-Pharmalot&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8cab1d7961-0265fbf946-154298200  [accessed 27 February 2022]

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FDAAA Trialstracker – Who’s Sharing Their Clinical Trial Results? https://fdaaa.trialstracker.net/  [accessed 10 March 2022]

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Goldacre, Ben, Nicholas J. Devito, Carl Heneghan, Francis Irving, Seb Bacon, Jessica Fleminger, and others, ‘Compliance with Requirement to Report Results on the EU Clinical Trials Register: Cohort Study and Web Resource’, BMJ, 362 (2018), 3218 https://doi.org/10.1136/BMJ.K3218

Grabitz, Peter, Till Brückner, and Daniel Strech, ‘The Publication of Clinical Trial Results by German Universities Is Insufficient—This Should Change’, Bundesgesundheitsblatt – Gesundheitsforschung – Gesundheitsschutz, 63.12 (2020), 1531–37 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-020-03246-0

Mirjam Keestra, Sarai, Florence Rodgers, Sophie Gepp, Peter Grabitz, and Till Bruckner, ‘Improving Clinical Trial Transparency at UK Universities: Evaluating 3 Years of Policies and Reporting Performance on the European Clinical Trial Register’, Clinical Trials, 2022, 174077452110710 https://doi.org/10.1177/17407745211071015

Wieschowski, Susanne, Nico Riedel, Katharina Wollmann, Hannes Kahras , Stephanie Müller-Ohlraun, Christopher Schürmann, and others, ‘Result Dissemination from Clinical Trials Conducted at German University Medical Centers Was Delayed and Incomplete’, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 115 (2019), 37–45 https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JCLINEPI.2019.06.002

UK Science and Technology Committee – Summary – Committees – UK Parliament https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/135/science-and-technology-committee/  [accessed 10 March 2022]

UK Science and Technology Committee  – Failing to Publish Data from Clinical Trials Presents Risk to Human Health – Committees – UK Parliament https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/135/science-and-technology-committee-commons/news/100871/failing-to-publish-data-from-clinical-trials-presents-risk-to-human-health/  [accessed 10 March 2022]

UK Science and Technology Committee  -Universities Lack of Transparency on Clinical Trials “deeply Disappointing’ – Committees – UK Parliament https://committees.parliament.uk/committee/135/science-and-technology-committee-commons/news/101057/universities-lack-of-transparency-on-clinical-trials-deeply-disappointing/  [accessed 10 March 2022]

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Ausschuss für Bildung, Forschung und Technikfolgenabschätzung (ABFTA) – Deutscher Bundestag https://www.bundestag.de/ausschuesse/a18_bildung_forschung/technikfolgenabschaetzung  [accessed 10 March 2022]

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Behl, Christian, ‘Science Integrity Has Been Never More Important: It’s All about Trust’, Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 122.7 (2021), 694–95 https://doi.org/10.1002/JCB.29906

Byrne, Jennifer A, Jana Christopher, J A Byrne, and J Christopher, ‘Digital Magic, or the Dark Arts of the 21st Century—How Can Journals and Peer Reviewers Detect Manuscripts and Publications from Paper Mills?’, FEBS Letters, 594.4 (2020), 583–89 https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.13747

Christopher, Jana, ‘The Raw Truth about Paper Mills’, FEBS Letters, 595.13 (2021), 1751–57 https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.14143

Christopher, Jana, ‘The Raw Truth about Paper Mills’, FEBS Letters, 595.13 (2021), 1751–57 https://doi.org/10.1002/1873-3468.14143

Else, Holly, and Richard Van Noorden, ‘The Fight against Fake-Paper Factories That Churn out Sham Science’, Nature, 591.7851 (2021), 516–19 https://doi.org/10.1038/D41586-021-00733-5

Frederickson, Robert M., and Roland W. Herzog, ‘Keeping Them Honest: Fighting Fraud in Academic Publishing’, Molecular Therapy, 29.3 (2021), 889–90 https://doi.org/10.1016/J.YMTHE.2021.02.011

Hackett, Rachel, and Steven Kelly, ‘Publishing Ethics in the Era of Paper Mills’, Biology Open, 9.10 (2020) https://doi.org/10.1242/BIO.056556

Heck, Stefanie, Franca Bianchini, Nicole Y. Souren, Corinna Wilhelm, Yvonne Ohl, and Christoph Plass, ‘Fake Data, Paper Mills, and Their Authors: The International Journal of Cancer Reacts to This Threat to Scientific Integrity’, International Journal of Cancer, 149.3 (2021), 492–93 https://doi.org/10.1002/IJC.33604

Lin, Songqing, ‘Why Serious Academic Fraud Occurs in China’, Learned Publishing, 26.1 (2013), 24–27 https://doi.org/10.1087/20130105

Miyakawa, Tsuyoshi, ‘No Raw Data, No Science: Another Possible Source of the Reproducibility Crisis’, Mol Brain, 13.1 (2020), 24 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13041-020-0552-2

Seifert, Roland, ‘How Naunyn-Schmiedeberg’s Archives of Pharmacology Deals with Fraudulent Papers from Paper Mills’, Naunyn-Schmiedeberg’s Archives of Pharmacology, 394.3 (2021), 431–36  https://doi.org/10.1007/S00210-021-02056-8/TABLES/1

Van Noorden, Richard, ‘Journals Adopt AI to Spot Duplicated Images in Manuscripts’, Nature, 601.7891 (2022), 14–15 https://doi.org/10.1038/D41586-021-03807-6

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‘Ich bin Hanna’ Backup des gelöschten BMBF Videos. YouTube. 2021, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIq5GlY4h4E.

#IchbinHanna – Antwort des BMBF auf die Diskussion in den Sozialen Netzwerken https://www.bmbf.de/bmbf/shareddocs/kurzmeldungen/de/ichbinhanna.html


Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz. Gesetz zur Änderung arbeitsrechtlicher Vorschriften in der Wissenschaft. Bundesgesetzblatt. 2007, https://www.bgbl.de/xaver/bgbl/start.xav?startbk=Bundesanzeiger_BGBl&jumpTo=bgbl107s0506.pdf#__bgbl__%2F%2F*%5B%40attr_id%3D%27bgbl107s0506.pdf%27%5D__1640687622967

Novelle des Berliner Hochschulgesetzes 2021. BerlHg. 2021, https://gesetze.berlin.de/bsbe/document/jlr-HSchulGBE2011V27IVZ.


#IchbinHanna in den “Faces of 2021.” Times Higher Education (THE), 2021, https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/faces-2021-who-shaped-higher-education-headlines-year.

Vogel, Gretchen. “Berlin Law Upends Postdoc Hiring.” Science, vol. 374, no. 6571, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Nov. 2021, p. 1037, https://www.science.org/content/article/controversial-berlin-law-gives-postdocs-pathway-permanent-jobs .

Tenure Track für alle nach der Promotion? Streit um Dauerstellen für Postdocs in Berlin https://www.tagesspiegel.de/wissen/tenure-track-fuer-alle-nach-der-promotion-streit-um-dauerstellen-fuer-postdocs-in-berlin/27549238.html

#IchBinHanna: Wer gut betreut, schadet seiner Karriere  https://www.faz.net/aktuell/wirtschaft/arm-und-reich/ichbinhanna-aerger-ueber-arbeitsverhaeltnisse-in-der-wissenschaft-1764436

HU-Verfassungsrechtler: Neues Berliner Hochschulgesetz ist grundgesetzwidrig – Jan-Martin Wiarda https://www.jmwiarda.de/2021/11/01/hu-verfassungsrechtler-neues-berliner-hochschulgesetz-ist-grundgesetzwidrig/   

Sabine Kunst BERLINER HOCHSCHULGESETZ – EXZELLENZ IN GEFAHR : Warum ich als Präsidentin der Berliner Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin zurücktrete. https://www.zeit.de/2021/45/berliner-hochschulgesetz-sabine-kunst-humboldt-universitaet-bildungspolitik-wissenschaft

Jule Specht: BERLINER HOCHSCHULGESETZ: DIESE REFORM MACHT DIE UNI NOCH EXZELLENTER https://www.zeit.de/2021/46/berliner-hochschulgesetz-unbefristete-vertraege-wissenschaftlerinnen-sabine-kunst

Berliner Hochschulgesetz: Schluss mit #IchbinHanna. Eine wichtige Signalwirkung | ZEIT Campus https://www.zeit.de/campus/2021-09/berliner-hochschulgesetz-beschluss-arbeitsbedingungen-wissenschaft-verbesserung-berufsperspektiven-universitaeten-debatte/komplettansicht

Jan-Martin Wiarda : Wissenschaftlerkarrieren nach dem USB-Modell https://www.jmwiarda.de/2021/12/02/wissenschaftlerkarrieren-nach-dem-usb-modell/

Jan-Martin Wiarda ; Jetzt sind die Hochschulen dran  https://www.jmwiarda.de/2021/11/24/jetzt-sind-die-hochschulen-dran/


Gewerkschaft Erziehung und Wissenschaft (GEW) Mehr unbefristete Stellen in der Wissenschaft – Online-Petition https://www.openpetition.de/petition/online/mehr-unbefristete-stellen-in-der-wissenschaft


Alberts, Bruce, et al. “Rescuing US Biomedical Research from Its Systemic Flaws.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 111, no. 16, 2014, pp. 5773–77, doi:10.1073/pnas.1404402111.

Azoulay, Pierre, et al. Funding Breakthrough Research: Promises and Challenges of the “ARPA Model.” June 2018, doi:10.3386/W24674.

Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. The University of Chicago Press, 1962.

Koalitionsvertrag 2021-2025 https://www.spd.de/fileadmin/Dokumente/Koalitionsvertrag/Koalitionsvertrag_2021-2025.pdf

Netzwerk für Gute Arbeit in der Wissenschaft – PERSONALMODELLE FÜR UNIVERSITÄTEN IN DEUTSCHLAND. ALTERNATIVEN ZUR PREKÄREN BESCHÄFTIGUNG https://mittelbau.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Personalmodelle_final.pdf

95 Theses against the WissZeitVG https://95vswisszeitvg.wordpress.com/95-theses-against-the-wisszeitvg/

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (43)

On initiatives:

Einstein Foundation Award for Improving Research Quality https://www.einsteinfoundation.de/en/award/

Reviewcommons. Independent peer review before journal submission https://www.reviewcommons.org/

ASAPbio: A scientist-driven non-profit promoting transparency and innovation in life science communication. https://asapbio.org/   

Sciety: the home of public preprint evaluation  https://sciety.org/

eLife https://elifesciences.org/. In biology publishing shakeup, eLife will require submissions to be posted as preprints | Science | AAAS

On preprints (general):

The 10,000-watt Bulb: How Preprints Shine a Light on Misconduct Guest Post – The 10,000-watt Bulb: How Preprints Shine a Light on Misconduct – The Scholarly Kitchen

Imposters and Impersonators in Preprints: How do we trust authors in Open Science?


Building trust in preprints: recommendations for servers and other stakeholders https://osf.io/8dn4w/

Peiperl, L., & Editors, on behalf of the P. M. (2018). Preprints in medical research: Progress and principles. PLoS Medicine, 15(4). https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PMED.1002563

On preprints and COVID:

How swamped preprint servers are blocking bad coronavirus research https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01394-6

The Rise of Preprints Is No Cause for Alarm.  https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/opinion-the-rise-of-preprints-is-no-cause-for-alarm-68667

Pivotal Year for Preprints. The pandemic has brought new public attention to non-peer-reviewed research, especially in medical fields. https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2021/01/20/pandemic-brought-new-attention-preprints

Quick retraction of a faulty coronavirus paper was a good moment for science. https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/03/retraction-faulty-coronavirus-paper-good-moment-for-science/

Burrell, A. J. C., Neto, A. S., Trapani, T., Broadley, T., French, C., & Udy, A. A. (2021). Rapid Translation of COVID-19 Preprint Data into Critical Care Practice. Https://Doi.Org/10.1164/Rccm.202009-3661LE, 203(3), 368–371. https://doi.org/10.1164/RCCM.202009-3661LE

Fleerackers, A., Riedlinger, M., Moorhead, L., Ahmed, R., & Alperin, J. P. (2021). Communicating Scientific Uncertainty in an Age of COVID-19: An Investigation into the Use of Preprints by Digital Media Outlets. Https://Doi.Org/10.1080/10410236.2020.1864892

Fraser, N., Brierley, L., Dey, G., Polka, J. K., Pálfy, M., Nanni, F., & Coates, J. A. (2021). The evolving role of preprints in the dissemination of COVID-19 research and their impact on the science communication landscape. PLOS Biology, 19(4), e3000959. https://doi.org/10.1371/JOURNAL.PBIO.3000959

Horby, P., Lim, W. S., Emberson, J., Mafham, M., Bell, J., Linsell, L., Staplin, N., Brightling, C., Ustianowski, A., Elmahi, E., Prudon, B., Green, C., Felton, T., Chadwick, D., Rege, K., Fegan, C., Chappell, L. C., Faust, S. N., Jaki, T., … Group, R. C. (2020). Effect of Dexamethasone in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19 – Preliminary Report. MedRxiv, 2020.06.22.20137273. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.06.22.20137273

Mehra, M. R., Ruschitzka, F., & Patel, A. N. (2020). Retraction—Hydroxychloroquine or chloroquine with or without a macrolide for treatment of COVID-19: a multinational registry analysis. The Lancet, 395(10240), 1820. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31324-6

Mehra, M. R., Desai, S. S., Kuy, S., Henry, T. D., & Patel, A. N. (2020). Retraction: Cardiovascular Disease, Drug Therapy, and Mortality in Covid-19. N Engl J Med. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa2007621. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMC2021225


Rennie, D. (1986). Guarding the Guardians: A Conference on Editorial Peer Review. JAMA, 256(17), 2391–2392. https://doi.org/10.1001/JAMA.1986.03380170107031

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Biogen’s Aduhelm sales fall dramatically below Wall Street’s expectations [Internet]. [cited 2021 Oct 21]. Available from: https://www.statnews.com/2021/10/20/biogens-aduhelm-sales-dramatically-below-wall-street-expectation/?utm_source=STAT+Newsletters&utm_campaign=9f80f61b3d-MR_COPY_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_8cab1d7961-9f80f61b3d-149649313

Behl, C. (2017). Amyloid in Alzheimer’s Disease: Guilty Beyond Reasonable Doubt? Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 38(10), 849–851. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TIPS.2017.07.002

Behl, C., & Ziegler, C. (2017). Beyond Amyloid – Widening the View on Alzheimer’s Disease. Journal of Neurochemistry, 143(4), 394–395. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnc.14137

Congress demands info from FDA about Alzheimer’s drug approval – STAT [Internet]. [cited 2021 Oct 21]. Available from: https://www.statnews.com/2021/09/02/congress-demands-documents-fda-biogens-alzheimers-drug/

Egan, K. J., Vesterinen, H. M., Beglopoulos, V., Sena, E. S., & Macleod, M. R. (2016). From a mouse: systematic analysis reveals limitations of experiments testing interventions in Alzheimer’s disease mouse models. Evidence-Based Preclinical Medicine, 3(1), 12–23. https://doi.org/10.1002/EBM2.15

Egan, K., & Macleod, M. (2014). Two decades testing interventions in transgenic mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease: designing and interpreting studies for clinical trial success. Clinical Investigation, 4(8), 693–704. https://doi.org/10.4155/cli.14.55

Herrup, K. (2015). The case for rejecting the amyloid cascade hypothesis. Nature Neuroscience 2015 18:6, 18(6), 794–799. https://doi.org/10.1038/nn.4017

How an Alzheimer’s ‘cabal’ thwarted progress toward a cure – STAT. (n.d.). Retrieved September 23, 2021, from https://www.statnews.com/2019/06/25/alzheimers-cabal-thwarted-progress-toward-cure/

Just How Worthless Are the Standard Alzheimer’s Models? | Science | AAAS. (n.d.). Retrieved September 23, 2021, from https://www.science.org/content/blog-post/just-worthless-standard-alzheimer-s-models

Liu, K. Y., & Howard, R. (2021). Can we learn lessons from the FDA’s approval of aducanumab? Nature Reviews Neurology 2021, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41582-021-00557-x

Living Evidence: Transgenic Animal Models of Alzheimer’s Disease. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2021, from https://camarades.shinyapps.io/LivingEvidence_AD/

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Snowdon, D. A. (2003). Healthy Aging and Dementia: Findings from the Nun Study. Annals of Internal Medicine, 139(5 II), 450–454. https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-139-5_PART_2-200309021-00014

Winblad B, Amouyel P, Andrieu S, Ballard C, Brayne C, Brodaty H, et al. Defeating Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias: a priority for European science and society. Lancet Neurol. 2016 Apr 1;15(5):455–532. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1474442216000624?via%3Dihub

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (41)

Anforderungen an die Qualitätssicherung der Promotion | Positionspapier (Drs. 1704-11), November 2011 https://www.wissenschaftsrat.de/download/archiv/1704-11.html

Kommt ein Doktor zum Arzt … Süddeutsche Zeitung 1.10.2015 https://www.sueddeutsche.de/bildung/qualitaet-medizinischer-promotionen-kommt-ein-doktor-zum-arzt-1.2673150

Promotionsordnung der Charite. Amtliches Mitteilungsblatt Nr.198, 1.11.2017 https://www.charite.de/fileadmin/user_upload/portal/charite/presse/publikationen/amtl-mitteilungsblatt/2017/AMB171101-198.pdf

Google search ‚Ghostwriter Medizinische Promotion’ https://www.google.com/search?q=ghostwriter+medizinische+doktorarbeit&rlz=1C1ONGR_deDE950DE950&oq=ghostwriter+medi&aqs=chrome.2.0i512j69i57j0i512j0i22i30l6j0i10i22i30.11603j0j4&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8

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Hirt J, Rasadurai A, Briel M et al. Clinical trial research on COVID-19 in Germany – a systematic analysis [version 1; peer review: awaiting peer review]F1000Research 2021, 10:913 (https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.55541.1)

Janiaud, P., Axfors, C., van’t Hooft, J., Saccilotto, R., Agarwal, A., Appenzeller-Herzog, C., Contopoulos-Ioannidis, D. G., Danchev, V., Dirnagl, U., Ewald, H., Gartlehner, G., Goodman, S. N., Haber, N. A., Ioannidis, A. D., Ioannidis, J. P. A., Lythgoe, M. P., Ma, W., Macleod, M., Malički, M., … Hemkens, L. G. (2020). The worldwide clinical trial research response to the COVID-19 pandemic – the first 100 days. F1000Research, 9, 1193. https://doi.org/10.12688/F1000RESEARCH.26707.2 

Knapp 1,6 Milliarden Euro für Coronaforschung.  Retrieved August 7, 2021, from https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/123112/Knapp-1-6-Milliarden-Euro-fuer-Coronaforschung.

Kupferschmidt, K. (2020). One U.K. trial is transforming COVID-19 treatment. Why haven’t others delivered more results? Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/SCIENCE.ABD6417

Tikkinen, K. A. O., Malekzadeh, R., Schlegel, M., Rutanen, J., & Glasziou, P. (2020). COVID-19 clinical trials: learning from exceptions in the research chaos. Nature Medicine 2020 26:11, 26(11), 1671–1672. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-020-1077-z

Wissenschaftsrat – Publikationen – Empfehlungen zu Klinischen Studien (Drs. 7301-18), Oktober 2018.. Retrieved August 13, 2021, from https://www.wissenschaftsrat.de/download/archiv/7301-18.html

Hirt J, Janiaud P, Hemkens LG. Randomized trials on non-pharmaceutical interventions for COVID-19 as of August 2021: a meta-epidemiological analysis. medRxiv [Internet]. 2021 Aug 30 [cited 2021 Sep 1];2021.08.20.21261687. Available from: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.20.21261687v1

Riedel N, Wieschowski S, Bruckner T, Holst MR, Kahrass H, Nury E, et al. Results dissemination from completed clinical trials conducted at German university medical centers remains delayed and incomplete. The 2014-2017 cohort. medRxiv [Internet]. 2021 Aug 9 [cited 2021 Sep 1];2021.08.05.21261624. Available from: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.05.21261624v2

Salholz-Hillel M, Strech D, Carlisle BG. Results publications are inadequately linked to trial registrations: An automated pipeline and evaluation of German university medical centers. medRxiv [Internet]. 2021 Aug 27 [cited 2021 Sep 1];2021.08.23.21262478. Available from: https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.08.23.21262478v1

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Die Jodelschule. Loriot https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uOpZ5nmjlJY

Winnacker beklagt „Trägheit“ des deutschen Wissenschaftssystems. Handelsblatt 2006 https://www.handelsblatt.com/technik/forschung-innovation/bildung-winnacker-beklagt-traegheit-des-deutschen-wissenschaftssystems/2749506.html?ticket=ST-16075590-xeRCkvSHXGvJgteK2g2y-ap1

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Angela Merkel und das Leopoldina-Desaster – WELT [Internet]. [cited 29 Mar 2021]. Available: https://www.welt.de/kultur/plus222264910/Angela-Merkel-und-das-Leopoldina-Desaster.html 

Coronavirus-Pandemie: Die Feiertage und den Jahreswechsel für einen harten Lockdown nutzen 7. Ad-hoc-Stellungnahme – 08. Dezember 2020  https://www.leopoldina.org/uploads/tx_leopublication/2020_12_08_Stellungnahme_Corona_Feiertage_final.pdf

A dark conundrum – Americans are driving less, but more are dying in accidents (Graphic detail) The Economist [Internet]. [cited 2 Apr 2021]. Available: https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2021/04/03/americans-are-driving-less-but-more-are-dying-in-accidents

Chin V, Ioannidis JPA, Tanner MA, Cripps S. Effect Estimates of COVID-19 Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions are Non-Robust and Highly Model-Dependent. J Clin Epidemiol. Elsevier; 2021;0. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2021.03.014

Corona-Prognosen: „Epidemiologische Modelle sind vergleichbar mit Wettervorhersagen“ – WELT [Internet]. [cited 27 Mar 2021]. Available: https://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/plus227520873/Corona-Prognosen-Epidemiologische-Modelle-sind-vergleichbar-mit-Wettervorhersagen.html

Der Blindflug durch die Corona Modellierung. WDR RheinBlick 12.02.2021


Dehning J, Zierenberg J, Spitzner FP, Wibral M, Neto JP, Wilczek M, et al. Inferring change points in the COVID-19 spreading reveals the effectiveness of interventions. Science; 2020;369. doi:10.1126/science.abb9789

Viola Priesemann: Die Wellen-Wahrsagerin – WELT [Internet]. [cited 27 Mar 2021]. Available: https://www.welt.de/kultur/plus228938919/Viola-Priesemann-Die-Wellen-Wahrsagerin.html

Jan-Martin Wiarda. Die Datenerhebungskatastrophe – https://www.jmwiarda.de/2021/04/28/die-datenerhebungskatastrophe/

Ioannidis JPA, Cripps S, Tanner MA. Forecasting for COVID-19 has failed. Int J Forecast.; 2020; doi:10.1016/j.ijforecast.2020.08.004

Spiegelhalter D. Algorithms, Analytics and Prediction (Chapter 6). In:  The Art of Statistics: How to Learn from Data. 2019.

Comunian A, Gaburro R, Giudici M. Inversion of a SIR-based model: A critical analysis about the application to COVID-19 epidemic. Phys D Nonlinear Phenom.; 2020;413: 132674. doi:10.1016/j.physd.2020.132674

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Saltelli A, Bammer G, Bruno I, Charters E, Di Fiore M, Didier E, et al. Five ways to ensure that models serve society: a manifesto. Nature.; 2020;582: 482–484. doi:10.1038/d41586-020-01812-9

Fergusson D, Aaron SD, Guyatt G, Hébert P. Post-randomisation exclusions: the intention to treat principle and excluding patients from analysis. BMJ. 2002;325: 652–654. doi:10.1136/bmj.325.7365.652

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Ferguson NM, Ghani AC, Donnelly CA, Hagenaars TJ, Anderson RM. Estimating the human health risk from possible BSE infection of the British sheep flock. Nature. 2002;415: 420–424. doi:10.1038/nature709

Mormann F, Andrzejak RG, Elger CE, Lehnertz K. Seizure prediction: The long and winding road. Brain; 2007; 130:314–333. doi:10.1093/brain/awl241

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Steffen Mau. Das metrische Wir – Über die Quantifizierung des Sozialen. 2017 Edition Suhrkamp https://www.suhrkamp.de/buecher/das_metrische_wir-steffen_mau_7292.html

Milos Vec: Die vergessene Freiheit. Steuerung und Kontrolle der Geisteswissenschaften unter der Prämisse der Prävention. 2009. https://www.hsozkult.de/debate/id/diskussionen-1107

Peter Kraker, Katy Jordan and Elisabeth Lex. The ResearchGate Score: a good example of a bad metric. 2015 https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2015/12/09/the-researchgate-score-a-good-example-of-a-bad-metric/

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Angrist, N; Bergman, P;  Brewster, C; Matsheng, M. Stemming Learning Loss During the Pandemic: A Rapid Randomized Trial of a Low-Tech Intervention in Botswana. CSAE Working Paper Series 2020-13, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford. (July 9,2020).   https://ssrn.com/abstract=3663098   or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3663098

Bundgaard H. et al. Effectiveness of Adding a Mask Recommendation to Other Public Health Measures to Prevent SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Danish Mask Wearers – A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2020 Nov 18:M20-6817. https://doi.org/10.7326/M20-6817

Helsingen LM et al. A Randomised Trial of Covid-19 Transmission in Training Facilities. MedRxiv preprint https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.06.24.20138768

Fretheim A, Flatø M, Steens A, et al. COVID-19: we need randomised trials of school closures. J Epidemiol Community Health 2020;74:1078–1079. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2020-214262

Elgendy IY;  Nimri N; et al. A systematic bias assessment of top-cited full-length original clinical investigations related to COVID-19 Citation Data; European Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN: 0953-620 https://DOI.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2021.01.018

Cristea IA, Naudet F, Ioannidis JPA (2020). Preserving equipoise and performing randomised trials for COVID-19 social distancing interventions. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences 29, e184, 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796020000992

Haber NA et al. Problems with Evidence Assessment in COVID-19 Health Policy Impact Evaluation (PEACHPIE): A systematic strength of methods review. medRxiv preprint https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.21.21250243

Else, H. How a torrent of COVID science changed research publishing — in seven charts, Nature 2020;  588: 553-554 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03564-y

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (35):

Swap outdated authorship listings for contributorship credit https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06815-1

Transparency in authors’ contributions and responsibilities to promote integrity in scientific publication https://www.pnas.org/content/115/11/2557

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So könnte evidenzbasierte, inklusive, gründliche, transparente, und zugängliche wissenschaftliche Beratung der Corona-Politik aussehen: Thesenpapier 4.0 zur Pandemie durch SARS-CoV-2/Covid-19 (sog. „Schrappe Report“) https://www.monitor-versorgungsforschung.de/Abstracts/Abstract2020/MVF-05-20/Schrappe_etal_Thesenpapier_4-0_Corona-Pandemie

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Ein schönes Beispiel aus den Agrarwissenschaften, so sieht eine Evidenz-basierte Analyse der Wirksamkeit von Interventionen in den verschiedensten Bereichen aus. Wie wäre es, sowas für SARS-COV2 Interventionen zu haben?: Agricultural evidence gap map.  Evidence gap map report 12, 2017 https://gapmaps.3ieimpact.org/evidence-maps/agricultural-innovation

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A longer, English version of this article has appeared in :

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BBC News. Scientists discover ‘why stress turns hair white’ BBC 22.1.2020 https://www.bbc.com/news/health-51208972

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Boytchev B. Ist der Konsum von Fleisch nun ungesund oder nicht? Die Studien widersprechen sich. Anhänger beider Auslegungen streiten vehement. Was stimmt wirklich? Neue Züricher Zeitung am Sonntag 12.10.2019 https://nzzas.nzz.ch/wissen/rotes-fleisch-krebserregend-oder-nicht-ld.1514819

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Valli C, Rabassa M, Johnston BC, Kuijpers R, Prokop-Dorner A, Zajac J, Storman D, Storman M, Bala MM, Solà I, Zeraatkar D, Han MA, Vernooij RWM, Guyatt GH, Alonso-Coello P; NutriRECS Working Group. Health-Related Values and Preferences Regarding Meat Consumption: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review. Ann Intern Med. 2019 Oct 1. doi: 10.7326/M19-1326. [Epub ahead of print] https://annals.org/aim/fullarticle/2752323/health-related-values-preferences-regarding-meat-consumption-mixed-methods-systematic

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Mein Editorial zum Thema:

Dirnagl U. The p value wars (again). Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2019 Aug 3. doi: 10.1007/s00259-019-04467-5. [Epub ahead of print] https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00259-019-04467-5

Weg mit dem p-Wert:

Anjana, A. Scientists strike back against statistical tyranny | Financial Times. Financial Times (2019). https://www.ft.com/content/36f9374c-5075-11e9-8f44-fe4a86c48b33

Amrhein, V., Greenland, S. & McShane, B. Scientists rise up against statistical significance. Nature 567, 305–307 (2019). https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00857-9

Benjamin, D. J. et al. Redefine statistical significance. Nat. Hum. Behav. 2, 6–10 (2018). https://imai.fas.harvard.edu/research/files/significance.pdf

Amrhein, V. & Greenland, S. Remove, rather than redefine, statistical significance. Nat. Hum. Behav. 2, 4 (2018).  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/320021624_Remove_rather_than_redefine_statistical_significance

Der Klassiker:

Ioannidis, J. P. A. Why most published research findings are false. PLoS Med. 2, 0696–0701 (2005). https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0020124

Und Ioannidis‘ Kommentar zur aktuellen statistical Diskussion

Ioannidis, J. P. A. Retiring significance would give bias a free pass. Nature 567, 461–461 (2019). https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00969-2

Der tote Lachs im Kernspin:

Winners of the Ig® Nobel Prize. Improbable research Available at: https://www.improbable.com/ig/winners/#ig2012. (Accessed: 17th July 2019)

Bennett, C. M., Baird, A. a, Miller, M. B. & Wolford, G. L. Neural Correlates of Interspecies Perspective Taking in the Post-Mortem Atlantic Salmon: An Argument For Proper Multiple Comparisons Correction. J. Serendipitous Unexpected Results 1, 1–5 (2011). https://teenspecies.github.io/pdfs/NeuralCorrelates.pdf

Alles schon mal dagewesen:

Nickerson, R. S. Null hypothesis significance testing: A review of an old and continuing controversy. Psychol. Methods 5, 241–301 (2000). https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8c5e/0e6f85b9dc15ecf23d43a49404925c4c41bf.pdf

Die Empfehlungen der Statistiker:

Wasserstein, R. L., Schirm, A. L. & Lazar, N. A. Moving to a World Beyond ‘p<0.05’. Am. Stat. 73, 1–19 (2019). https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00031305.2019.1583913

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (22):

Elon Musk’s Neurolink Präsentation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lA77zsJ31nA

Elon Musk. An integrated brain machine interface platform with thousands of channels. BioRxiv 2019 doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/703801

Ari N. Schulman. Why Minds Are Not Like Computers  https://www.thenewatlantis.com/publications/why-minds-are-not-like-computers

Ed Yong. The Human Brain Project Hasn’t Lived Up to Its Promise https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2019/07/ten-years-human-brain-project-simulation-markram-ted-talk/594493/

Robert Epstein. The empty brain https://aeon.co/essays/your-brain-does-not-process-information-and-it-is-not-a-computer

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (21):

Vrselja et al. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1099-1;  feature https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01216-4

KA Hossmann and K Sato http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=4908037 showed in 1970 (quote 19 of the Nature paper!) that cat brains recover an EEG and evoked potentials after up to 1 hour complete arrest of blood circulation. This article was followed by an exchange of letters on ‘Criteria of brain death’, and Hossmann concluded :‘ This suggests that even prolonged electrocerebral silence does not prove the irreversible loss of neuronal function’ https://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/170/3961/1000.1.full.pdf.

Circulatory arrests of up to 20 minutes are documented (silent EEG!) in which patients recovered after resuscitation, possibly with slight neuropsychological deficits (mostly memory deficits, see below, as a result ofdelayed neuronal cell death, this was shown by neuropathologists in the 80s and 90s, see Petito et al. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3614648).

A recent expample of an isolated perfused brain preparation: Breschi et al. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1528-1167.2011.03356.x.

‘Delayed neuronal vulnerability’ (and by older neuropathologists ‘maturation phenomenon’) was described by Ito, Klatzo and others https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1180003.

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (20):

Inspiriert wurde mein Beitrag von Anne Scheels sehr gutem Blogpost ‚Why we should love null results‘ http://www.the100.ci/2017/06/01/why-we-should-love-null-results/

Hilfestellung beim Publizieren von NULL-Resultaten finden Sie bei FIDDLE – File Drawer Data Liberation Effort. Where and how to publish null / neutral results? http://s-quest.bihealth.org/fiddle/

Leider nur an Charité und Max Delbrück Center: Der 1.000 € QUEST-Preis für NULL-Ergebnisse und Replikationsstudien. Veröffentlichen Sie Ihr NULL-Ergebnis – Kämpfen Sie gegen das negative Publikations-Vorurteil an! Veröffentlichen Sie Ihre Replikationsstudien – Kämpfen Sie gegen die Replikationskrise an! https://www.bihealth.org/de/forschung/quest-center/initiativen/

DORA Blog zur  Charité Rekrutierungspraxis für Professuren https://sfdora.org/2018/07/06/simple-questions-big-insights-charite-uses-bio-sketch-questions-to-recruit-faculty/

Marcus Munafò, Jo Neill. Null is beautiful: On the importance of publishing null results. Journal of Psychopharmacology: 2016, 30 page(s): 585-585 https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0269881116638813

Chris A. Mack. In Praise of the Null Result.  J. of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS, 13(3), 030101 (2014). https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/journals/Journal-of-MicroNanolithography-MEMS-and-MOEMS/volume-13/issue-03/030101/In-Praise-of-the-Null-Result/10.1117/1.JMM.13.3.030101.full?SSO=1

Ulrich Dirnagl ‚Wie originell sind eigentlich Ihre Hypothesen‘ Laborjournal 4/2017, p.24-25 https://dirnagl.files.wordpress.com/2018/02/einsichten-eines-wissenschaftsnarren-1-lj_17_04.pdf

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (19):

Volkswagen Experiment! 

Dorothy Bishop’s blog regarding VW-Funding Lottery 

More literature on research funding lotteries:

Avin S. Policy Considerations for Random Allocation of Research Funds.  RT. A Journal on Research Policy & Evaluation 1 (2018) Submitted on 23 June 2017, accepted on 21 September 2017, published on 1 March 2018

Avin S. Funding Science by Lottery. 2015 In: Mäki U., Votsis I., Ruphy S., Schurz G. (eds) Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science: EPSA13 Helsinki. European Studies in Philosophy of Science, vol 1. Springer, Cham.

Avin S. Centralised Funding and Epistemic Exploration. Penultimate draft. Final draft forthcoming in The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (BJPS).

Egger M. Random selection for science funding: not such a crazy idea. 2018. Horizons 

Fang FC, Casadevall A. 2016. Research funding: the case for a modified lottery. mBio 7(2):e00422-16.

Firpo T,  Smith L.  A random approach to innovation. 2018. NESTA  

Klaus B, del Alamo D. Talent Identification at the limits of Peer Review: an analysis of the EMBO Postdoctoral Fellowships Selection Process BioRxiv. 2018

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (18):

Link zur BMBF Ausschreibung: Richtlinie zur Förderung von konfirmatorischen präklinischen Studien – Qualität in der Gesundheitsforschung – Bundesanzeiger vom: 27.12.2018 Abgabetermin: 28.03.2019 Die Texte sowie weitere Unterlagen und Links finden Sie hier: https://www.gesundheitsforschung-bmbf.de/de/8344.php

Munafò MR, Davey Smith G. Robust research needs many lines of evidence. Nature. 2018 Jan 25;553(7689):399-401.

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (17):

Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2010. “Growth in a Time of Debt,” American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(2), pages 573-78 https://www.nber.org/papers/w15639

Dirnagl U, Przesdzing I, Kurreck C, Major S. A Laboratory Critical Incident and Error Reporting System for Experimental Biomedicine.PLoS Biol. 2016 Dec 1;14(12):e2000705. https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.2000705

Dirnagl U, Bernard R. Errors and error management in biomedical research. In: How Could This Happen? Managing Errors in Organizations, Palgrave Macmillan, Cham (978-3-319-76403-0). https://zenodo.org/record/1406922#.XC5QQVxKjZt

Methodischer Leitfaden Morbiditäts- und Mortalitätskonferenzen (M & MK) der Bundesärztekammer https://www.bundesaerztekammer.de/fileadmin/user_upload/downloads/pdf-Ordner/QS/M_Mk.pdf

Bsp. aus retractionwatch.com aus der Kategorie „doing the right thing“ , also einer ‚gut gemachten‘ Retraktion wegen honest error https://retractionwatch.com/2013/10/10/ronald-science/

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (16):

Halkjær SI, Christensen AH, Lo BZS, Browne PD, Günther S, Hansen LH, Petersen AM. Faecal microbiota transplantation alters gut microbiota in patients with irritable bowel syndrome: results from a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Gut. 2018 Jul 6. pii: gutjnl-2018-316434. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2018-316434.

Overselling the microbiome in The Tree of Life. Blog of Jonathan A. Eisen, Professor at U.C. Davis. https://phylogenomics.blogspot.com/search/label/overselling%20the%20microbiome

Guyenet S. Microbiota and obesity: Is it all hype? http://www.stephanguyenet.com/microbiota-and-obesity-is-it-all-hype/

Valencia PM, Richard M, Brock J, Boglioli E. The human microbiome: opportunity or hype? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2017 Dec;16(12):823-824. doi: 10.1038/nrd.2017.154. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

100 Years Later: The Lone German Soldier Whose Poop Fights on https://ubiome.com/blog/post/100-years-later-lone-german-soldier-whose-poop-fights/

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (15):

Robin Hanson (1995) Could gambling save science? Encouraging an honest consensus, Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy, 9:1, 3-33, DOI: 10.1080/02691729508578768 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02691729508578768

Michael Thicke (2017) Prediction Markets for Science: Is the Cure Worse than the Disease?, Social Epistemology, 31:5, 451-467, DOI: 10.1080/02691728.2017.1346720  https://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2017.1346720

Dreber A, Pfeiffer T, Almenberg J, Isaksson S, Wilson B, Chen Y, Nosek BA, Johannesson M. (2015) Using prediction markets to estimate the reproducibility of scientific research.  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Dec 15;112(50):15343-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1516179112. Epub 2015 Nov 9

Munafo MR, Pfeiffer T, Altmejd A, Heikensten E, Almenberg J, Bird A, Chen Y, Wilson B, Johannesson M, Dreber A. (2015) Using prediction markets to forecast research evaluations. R Soc Open Sci. Oct 28;2(10):150287. doi: 10.1098/rsos.150287. eCollection 2015 Oct. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4632515/

Colin F. Camerer, Anna Dreber, Felix Holzmeister, Teck-Hua Ho, Jürgen Huber, Magnus Johannesson, Michael Kirchler, Gideon Nave, Brian A. Nosek, Thomas Pfeiffer, Adam Altmejd, Nick Buttrick, Taizan Chan, Yiling Chen, Eskil Forsell, Anup Gampa, Emma Heikensten, Lily Hummer, Taisuke Imai, Siri Isaksson, Dylan Manfredi, Julia Rose, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers & Hang Wu. (2018) Evaluating the replicability of social science experiments in Nature and Science between 2010 and 2015. Nature Human Behaviourvolume 2, pages 637–644  https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-018-0399-z

Übrigens ähnelt der vom Wissenschaftsnarren zitierte Artikel von Robin Hanson, in dem er Prediction markets für die Konsensusfindung in der Forschung vorschlägt, in seiner Anlage, Radikaliät und Innovation dem des mysteriösen Blockchain-Erfinder Satoshi Nakamoto. Dieser hatte in seinem legendären Artikel ausgehend von einer Kritik gängiger Zahlungsysteme ein digitales Währungsprinzip vorgeschlagen, welches nicht nur Spekulanten angelockt hat, sondern mittlerweile in einer Vielzahl von Anwendungen eingesetzt wird, bei denen es um distribuierte Buchführung geht.

Nakamoto, S (2012) Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. http://article.gmane.org/gmane.comp.encryption.general/12588/

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (14):

Yarborough M, Bredenoord A, D’Abramo F, Joyce NC, Kimmelman J, Ogbogu U, Sena E, Strech D, Dirnagl U. The bench is closer to the bedside than we think: Uncovering the ethical ties between preclinical researchers in translational neuroscience and patients in clinical trials. PLoS Biol. 2018 Jun 6;16(6):e2006343. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2006343.

.Yarborough M, Dirnagl U. Preclinical research: Meet patients to sharpen up research. Nature. 2017 Nov 16;551(7680):300. doi: 10.1038/d41586-017-06024-2.

New York Times Published: April 6, 2009, Radiologist Adds a Human Touch. https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/2009/04/07/health/07pati.html

Turner Y, Hadas-Halpern I. The effects of including a patient’s photograph to the radiographic examination. Presented at: Radiological Society of North America Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting; Oak Brook, Illinois; 2008.


Ryan J, Khanda GE, Hibbert R, Duigenan S, Tunis A, Fasih N1, MacDonald B, El-Khoudary M, Kielar A, McInnes M, Virmani V, Ramamurthy N, Kolenko N, Sheikh A. Is a picture worth a thousand words? The effect of viewing patient photographs on radiologist interpretation of CT studies. J Am Coll Radiol. 2015 Jan;12(1):104-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2014.09.028.

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (13):

Dirnagl U. Räuberische Fachverlage: Veröffentlichen um jeden Preis – Gastbeitrag im Tagesspiegel, 21.7.2018

Leininger A. Storm in a teacup: predatory journals are irrelevant http://elephantinthelab.org/storm-in-a-teacup-predatory-journals-are-irrelevant/

Nellen W. Der „Fake Science-Skandal“ – eine Meinung! https://www.laborjournal.de/blog/?p=9840

Pössel M. Abzock-Zeitschriften, Datenauswertung Teil 1: Methoden, Ländervergleich, Gesamtzahl. https://scilogs.spektrum.de/relativ-einfach/abzock-zeitschriften-den-daten-auf-der-spur/

Björn Brembs‘ kritische Analyse der gegenwärtigen OA Initiativen: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2017/03/please-address-these-concerns-before-we-can-accept-your-oa-proposal/

Björn Brembs warnt, dass der Königsweg des OA (‚Goldener OA‘) mehr Probleme verursachen könnte, als er löst: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2016/04/how-gold-open-access-may-make-things-worse/

SCI-HUB: legal – iIlegal – scheissegal. Über 40 Millionen Artikel zum Download.  Radikal illegaler Open Access.  https://dirnagl.com/?s=sci-hub

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (12):

Norris D, Dirnagl U, Zigmond MJ, Thompson-Peer K, Chow TT. Health tips for research groups. Nature. 2018 May;557(7705):302-304. doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05146-5

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (11):

Fanelli D. Is science really facing a reproducibility crisis, and do we need it to? Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:2628-2631

Fisher, R. A. (1935). The design of experiments. Oliver & Boyd Oxford

Kuhn TS. (1962) The structure of scientific revolutions. University of Chicago Press.

Popper, K. (1935) Logik der Forschung. Springer Berlin

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (10):

Gelman A and Loken E (2013) The garden of forking paths: Why multiple comparisons can be a problem, even when there is no  “fishing expedition” or “p-hacking” and the research hypothesis was posited ahead of time. http://www.stat.columbia.edu/~gelman/research/unpublished/p_hacking.pdf

Gelman A and Loken E (2014) The statistical crisis in science. American Scientist 102:460-465

de Groot AD (1956) The meaning of “significance” for different types of research [translated and annotated by Eric-Jan Wagenmakers, Denny Borsboom, Josine Verhagen, Rogier Kievit, Marjan Bakker, Angelique Cramer, Dora Matzke, Don Mellenbergh, and Han L. J. van der Maas]. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2014 May;148:188-94. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2014.02.001. Epub 2014 Mar 3. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001691814000304?via%3Dihub

Yogi Berra: When you come to a fork in the road, take it! https://quoteinvestigator.com/2013/07/25/fork-road/


Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (9):

Researchers were disappointed when a clinical trial of a new tuberculosis vaccine failed to show benefit, but should it have gone ahead when animal studies had already raised doubts and what does it mean for future research? Deborah Cohen investigates:

Cohen D. Oxford vaccine study highlights pick and mix approach to preclinical research. BMJ. 2018 Jan 10;360:j5845. http://www.bmj.com/content/360/bmj.j5845.long

We must review how we use animal data to underpin clinical trials in humans:

Macleod M. Learning lessons from MVA85A, a failed booster vaccine for BCG. BMJ. 2018 Jan 10;360:k66. http://www.bmj.com/content/360/bmj.k66.long

Responsible bodies should demand high quality reporting and systematic reviews of animal studies:

Ritskes-Hoitinga M, Wever K.Improving the conduct, reporting, and appraisal of animal research. BMJ. 2018 Jan 10;360:j4935. http://www.bmj.com/content/360/bmj.j4935.long

A systematic review of the animal data does not provide evidence to support efficacy of MVA85A as a BCG booster:

Kashangura R, Sena ES, Young T, Garner P. Effects of MVA85A vaccine on tuberculosis challenge in animals: systematic review. Int J Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;44(6):1970-81.  https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/44/6/1970/2572503

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (8):

As always, David Colquhoun brilliantly summarizes the issue in his blog DC’s Improbable Science:

Colquhoun D. Placebo effects are weak: regression to the mean is the main reason ineffective treatments appear to work. http://www.dcscience.net/2015/12/11/placebo-effects-are-weak-regression-to-the-mean-is-the-main-reason-ineffective-treatments-appear-to-work/

Highly recommended. Stephen Senn tackles the issue with a historical excursion, and a bit more serious statistics. Contains references to full statistical treatments of regression to the mean:

Senn S (2011)  Francis Galton and regression to the mean. Significance 8:124-126 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1740-9713.2011.00509.x/full

When the first large Cochrane review was published, concluding that there is little evidence to support the existence of the placebo effect, the New England Journal ran this very readable editorial:

Bailar JC (2001) The Powerful Placebo and the Wizard of Oz. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:1630-1632 http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM200105243442111

Most recent Cochrane review on placebo interventions:

Hróbjartsson A, Gøtzsche PC (2010)  Placebo interventions for all clinical conditions. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jan 20;(1):CD003974. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003974.pub3

This narrative review present the classic view on placebo effects. The authors use only one citation (to another narrative review by the same authors) to claim the existence of the placebo effect:

 ‘ Moreover, recent clinical research into placebo effects has provided compelling evidence that these effects are genuine biopsychosocial phenomena that represent more than simply spontaneous remission, normal symptom fluctuations, and regression to the mean. “

It would have been nice to see reference to evidence from original studies or systematic reviews.

Kaptchuk TJ, Miller FG (2015) Placebo Effects in Medicine. N Engl J Med 2015; 373:8-9July 2, 2015 http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1504023#t=article

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (7):

OPERA collaboration, T. Adam et al., Measurement of the neutrino velocity with the OPERA detector in the CNGS beam, arXiv:1109.4897v2.

Daniel J. Benjamin et al. Redefine statistical significance. Nat Hum Behav Published 1: 0189. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-017-0189-z

Valentin Amrhein, Sander Greenland. Remove, rather than redefine, statistical significance Nat human behaviour Nature Human Behaviour. 1: 0224. doi:10.1038/s41562-017-0224-0

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (6):

Yong, E. The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science – The Atlantic

Knorr-Cetina, Karin D.: Epistemic Cultures – How the Sciences Make Knowledge. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (5): 

Kimmelman J, Mogil JS, Dirnagl U. Distinguishing between exploratory and confirmatory preclinical research will improve translation. PLoS Biol. 2014 May 20;12(5):e1001863. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001863. eCollection 2014 May. http://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.1001863

Mogil JS, Macleod MR. No publication without confirmation. Nature. 2017 Feb 22;542(7642):409-11. doi: 10.1038/542409a. PMID: 28230138; https://www.nature.com/news/no-publication-without-confirmation-1.21509

Bazerman,  Shaping Written Knowledge: The Genre and Activity of the Experimental Article in Science: Genre and Activity of Experimental Article in Science, University of Wisconsin Press, 1988. https://wac.colostate.edu/books/bazerman_shaping/shaping.pdf

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (4): Exzellenztheater: Zeit für einen Wechsel im Spielplan?

Der Titel sagt eigentlich alles: Fang, Ferric C., Anthony Bowen, and Arturo Casadevall. 2016. “NIH Peer Review Percentile Scores Are Poorly Predictive of Grant Productivity.” eLife 5 (February). doi: 10.7554/eLife.13323 . https://elifesciences.org/articles/13323

Ein Klassiker der Wissenschaftsgeschichte und -theorie. Nach TS Kuhn schreitet die Evolution von Wissen fort durch „normal science“, unterbrochen durch ‚Paradigmenwechsel‘ (da kommt auch der Begriff her): Kuhn TS. The structure of scientific revolutions. University of Chicago Press. 1962 (50th anniversary edition 2012)

Richard Münch’s 500 seitiger Frontalangriff auf Exzellenzinitiative, DFG, usw. Nichts für schwache Nerven: Münch, R. Die akademische Elite: Zur sozialen Konstruktion wissenschaftlicher Exzellenz (edition suhrkamp 2510). Frankfurt am Main 2007

Eine fundierte Abrechnung mit dem Begriff ‚Excellence‘, vor dem Hintergrund der englischen REF: Stilgoe, Jack. 2014. “Against Excellence.” The Guardian , December 19. https://www.theguardian.com/science/political-science/2014/dec/19/against-excellence

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (3): Werden Sie Forschungsförderer!

Diese beiden Arbeiten beschreiben das System in allen Einzelheiten:

Bollen J, Crandall D, Junk D, Ding Y, Börner K. From funding agencies to scientific agency: Collective allocation of science funding as an alternative to peer review. EMBO Rep. 2014 Feb;15(2):131-3. http://embor.embopress.org/content/15/2/131

Diese Arbeit ‘erprobt’ das System zudem in einer Simulation: Bollen, J., Crandall, D., Junk, D. et al. An efficient system to fund science: from proposal review to peer-to-peer distributions Scientometrics (2017) 110: 521. doi:10.1007/s11192-016-2110-3  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11192-016-2110-3

Das schreibt Retraction Watch zum peer funding: https://www.evernote.com/shard/s21/nl/2303872/2592c704-d95b-41b6-aba9-00b4565aeab6/ ..

… und dies Science: http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/04/new-system-scientists-never-have-write-grant-application-again

Und dies kam eben rein (19.9.2017)

How much would each researcher receive if competitive government research funding were distributed equally among researchers?

‘According to our results, researchers could, on average, maintain current PhD student and Postdoc employment levels, and still have at their disposal a moderate (the U.K.) to considerable (the Netherlands, U.S.) budget for travel and equipment. This suggests that the worry that egalitarian sharing leads to unacceptable dilution of resources is unjustified. Indeed, our results strongly suggest that there is room for far more egalitarian distribution of funds than happens in the highly competitive funding schemes so prevalent today.’

PLoS ONE 12(9): e0183967. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0183967

Weitere interessante Arbeiten:

NIH Funding für den Mainstream, innovative Arbeiten werden nicht oder woanders gefördert:

Nicholson JM, Ioannidis JP. Research grants: Conform and be funded. Nature. 2012 Dec 6;492(7427):34-6. https://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v492/n7427/full/492034a.html

‘Peer review of grant proposals, far from being a reasonable way of ensuring quality by the allocation of funds, is a near disaster.’: Horrobin DF. Peer review of grant applications: a harbinger for mediocrity in clinical research? Lancet. 1996 Nov 9;348(9037):1293-5 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673696080294

Nicholson, J. M. (2012), Collegiality and careerism trump critical questions and bold new ideas: A student’s perspective and solution. Bioessays, 34: 448–450. doi:10.1002/bies.201200001 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bies.201200001/epdf

Von historischem Interesse: Ein Faksimile von Otto Warburgs ‘Forschungsantrag’ bei der Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft (1921). Das waren noch Zeiten! https://dirnagl.com/?s=warburg

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (2): Zu Risiken und Nebenwirkungen fragen Sie Ihren Bibliothekar

Ein wunderbarer Vergleich zwischen der ineffizienten Weise, in der wir heute wissenschaftliche Resultate veröffentlichen, und was alles möglich wäre, wenn wir die Möglichkeiten es besser zu machen, nutzen würden (von Romain Brette) : A vision of the post-journal world. http://romainbrette.fr/a-vision-of-the-post-journal-world/

Gleich nochmal Romain Brette, mit einfachen Schritten wie in diese wunderbare Welt kommen: http://romainbrette.fr/my-new-year-resolution-to-help-move-science-to-the-post-journal-world/

Björn Brembs  gibt Tips was man tun kann, wenn man den Zugang zu Journalen verloren hat. Weil die Subskription gekündigt wurde, oder man auf der falschen Seite des Paywalls sitzt. Alles halb so wild…: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2016/12/so-your-institute-went-cold-turkey-on-publisher-x-what-now/

Björn Brembs rät, alle Journalsubskriptionen zu kündigen: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2016/05/why-havent-we-already-canceled-all-subscriptions/

Björn Brembs‘ kritische Analyse der gegenwärtigen OA Initiativen: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2017/03/please-address-these-concerns-before-we-can-accept-your-oa-proposal/

Björn Brembs warnt, dass der Königsweg des OA (‚Goldener OA‘) mehr Probleme verursachen könnte, als er löst: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2016/04/how-gold-open-access-may-make-things-worse/

Und jetzt auch das noch: Björn Brembs, Deutschland’s prominentester Open Science Aktivist kündigt frustiert seinen Rückzug an: http://bjoern.brembs.net/2017/02/open-science-too-much-talk-too-little-action/

SCI-HUB: legal – iIlegal – scheissegal. Über 40 Millionen Artikel zum Download.  Radikal illegaler Open Access.  https://dirnagl.com/?s=sci-hub

Oder nicht ganz so umfänglich, dafür legal, und sehr bequem mit Browser Extention: ‚Skip the paywall‘  Get full-text of research papers as you browse, using Unpaywall’s index of ten million legal, open-access articles.  http://unpaywall.org/

The Costs of Flipping our Dollars to Gold. Interview about the Pay It Forward report. The first comprehensive analysis of how a decisive push to Gold OA would impact the cost of publication for major North American research institutions. https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2016/08/24/the-costs-of-flipping-our-dollars-to-gold/

Elsevierleaks: Leaked Elsevier contract reveals pushback: http://scienceguide.nl/201703/leaked-elsevier-contract-reveals-pushback.aspx

Thomson-Reuters verkauft den Impact Factor an Venture Kapitalisten: http://www.marketwatch.com/story/thomson-reuters-announces-definitive-agreement-to-sell-its-intellectual-property-science-business-to-onex-and-baring-asia-for-355-billion-2016-07-11

PIPredictor – Predict your probability to become a Principal Investigator (PI) http://pipredictor.com

Berliner Erklärung zu Open Access. 60% bis 2020!: https://openaccess.mpg.de/Berliner-Erklaerung

Das BMBF zu OA: https://www.bmbf.de/de/open-access-das-urheberrecht-muss-der-wissenschaft-dienen-846.html

Missbrauch der Marktmacht. TAZ Artikel zum DEAL Konsortium und Elsevier: http://www.taz.de/!5370972/

Auch lesenswert:

Brembs BButton KMunafò M. Deep impact: unintended consequences of journal rank. Front Hum Neurosci. 2013 Jun 24;7:291. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00291/full

Kriegeskorte N, Walther A, Deca D. An emerging consensus for open evaluation: 18 visions for the future of scientific publishing. Front Comput Neurosci. 2012 Nov 15;6:94. http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fncom.2012.00094/full

Khan R, Goodman L, Mittelman D. Dragging scientific publishing into the 21st century. Genome Biol. 2014 Dec 11;15(12):556. https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-014-0556-2

Einsichten eines Wissenschaftsnarren (1): Wie originell sind eigentlich Ihre wissenschaftlichen Hypothesen?

Baker M. 1,500 scientists lift the lid on reproducibility. Nature. 2016 May 26;533(7604):452-4. doi: 10.1038/533452a

Button KS, Ioannidis JP, Mokrysz C, Nosek BA, Flint J, Robinson ES, Munafò MR. Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2013 May;14(5):365-76. doi: 10.1038/nrn3475

Button KS. Statistical Rigor and the Perils of Chance. eNeuro. 2016 Jul 14;3(4). pii: ENEURO.0030-16.2016. doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0030-16.2016.

Dirnagl U. Sind die meisten Forschungsergebnisse tatsächlich falsch? Laborjournal 2014 7/8:38-41

Goodman SN, Fanelli D, Ioannidis JP. What does research reproducibility mean? Sci Transl Med. 2016 Jun 1;8(341):341ps12. doi: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aaf5027

Ioannidis JP. Why most published research findings are false. PLoS Med. 2005 Aug;2(8):e124.

Kimmelman J, Mogil JS, Dirnagl U. Distinguishing between exploratory and confirmatory preclinical research will improve translation. PLoS Biol. 2014 May 20;12(5):e1001863. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001863.

Mogil JS, Macleod MR. No publication without confirmation. Nature. 2017 Feb 22;542(7642):409-411. doi: 10.1038/542409a.

Open Science Collaboration. Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science. Science. 2015 Aug 28;349(6251):aac4716. doi: 10.1126/science.aac4716


Rheinberger HJ Experiment, Differenz, Schrift. Zur Geschichte epistemischer Dinge. Basilisken-Presse, Marburg/Lahn 1992, ISBN 3-925347-20-8.

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